Month: August 2019

  • Fruit flies can detect heavy hydrogen study

    first_imgIn the present study wildtypes of different origin were shown to be quite different in their behavior towards odors of different origin. Credit: Rickard Ignell This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Dr Efthimios Skoulakis of the Alexander Fleming Biomedical Sciences Research Center in Vari, Greece and colleagues presented fruit flies (Drosophila melanogaster) with acetophenone, an odorant molecule often used in perfumes, in a T-shaped maze. In one branch the molecule contained normal hydrogen, while in the other the hydrogen atoms in the molecule were replaced by deuterium. The flies were able to choose the branch they preferred.The fruit flies, which are known to have a strong sense of smell, showed a definite preference for the molecule with more hydrogen and their aversion to the deuterated molecule grew as more hydrogens were replaced. When fruit flies that had been genetically modified to have no sense of smell were used, they showed no preference.The fruit flies’ ability to discriminate between the molecules was also demonstrated by successfully giving the flies mild electric shocks to their feet as they walked on the floor of the maze to condition them to selectively avoid either form of the molecule.Dr Skoulakis said the results support a new theory of olfaction first proposed in 1996 by co-author Dr Luca Turin, a biophysicist who is now at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in Cambridge in the US. The new theory suggests odorants are detected by their vibrations rather than by their shape.Deuterium differs from the normal isotope of hydrogen in that its nucleus contains a proton and a neutron instead of just a proton. This roughly doubles the mass of the deuterium atom, and so while it has similar properties to normal hydrogen, the larger mass means bonds between deuterium and other atoms within molecules vibrate more slowly.The leading theory of how smell works is that odorant molecules are detected by receptor proteins in the olfactory membranes because of their shape, which fits into the shape of a cavity in the protein, like a key in a lock. If the molecule fits a signal is sent to the brain.Dr Turin’s theory is that the electrons of the odorant might be able to cross a receptor membrane only if the bonds in the molecule are vibrating at exactly the right frequency. Since an odorant with normal hydrogen will have different vibrational properties to the deuterated odorant, the two odorants should smell different even though their shape is the same. As further confirmation the researchers tested the fruit flies with nitriles, which have a similar vibrational frequencies to that of deuterium-carbon bonds. The fruit flies had an aversion to the nitriles as expected.Humans have not been shown to have the ability to discriminate between compounds containing normal and heavy hydrogen, but Dr Turin said there were unpublished reports of a similar ability in at least one dog, which ignores an odorant it is trained to detect if the molecule is deuterated.The paper is published in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS). Explore further More information: Molecular vibration-sensing component in Drosophila melanogaster olfaction, PNAS, Published online before print February 14, 2011, doi:10.1073/pnas.1012293108 In lean times, flies can’t survive without their sense of smell © 2010 PhysOrg.com Citation: Fruit flies can detect heavy hydrogen: study (2011, February 16) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2011-02-fruit-flies-heavy-hydrogen.html (PhysOrg.com) — A new study by researchers in Greece and the US has found that fruit flies can discriminate between normal and heavy hydrogen (deuterium) isotopes, which adds weight to a new theory of how the sense of smell works.last_img read more

  • Closer look reveals how deep ocean squid uses leaky optical fibers to

    first_img Citation: Closer look reveals how deep ocean squid uses ‘leaky’ optical fibers to disappear into the background (2016, June 8) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2016-06-closer-reveals-deep-ocean-squid.html (Phys.org)—A pair of researchers with the University of Pennsylvania has discovered how a type of deep ocean squid is able to remain unseen by predators despite having clearly visible eyes. In their paper published in Journal of the Royal Society Interface, Amanda Holt and Alison Sweeney describe their study of glass squid and how it has evolved to hide itself from predators that lurk in any direction. Glass squid live in the deep ocean and every part of their body except their eyes is clear, which helps to avoid being seen and eaten by predators from below. Such predators look up to find animals that create silhouettes against the distant light striking the surface of the water. Prior research had shown that the squid use what is known as counter-illumination to keep their eyes from being seen as part of a silhouette—they have organs below their eyes (photophores) that emit just enough light to match the light that is broadcast from above, preventing the eyes from being seen from below. But what about prey that live at approximately the same depths? That is what the research pair wanted to know, so they obtained some samples of the squid and put them under a microscope. They found that the photophores were actually made of cells that have a bend in them and that the walls were reflective—the two attributes together caused light to be channeled, like fiber optic cables. Looking even closer they discovered that the reflecting ability was not very efficient, which meant a lot of the light that was supposed to be channeled would leak out. At first, the researchers found this baffling, but then discovered that it actually served a very real purpose. In leaking small amounts of light, which turned out to be in many directions, the squid’s eyes became invisible to creatures that were at or near the same water level.The researchers confirmed what they had found by creating simulated leaking fiber cables that leaked in the amounts calculated from the squid, and by also reproducing the light levels in an experimental tank that simulated that in the environment where the squid lived—and found they matched. The end result, the researchers report was that the photophores were actually omnidirectional invisibility cloaks, noting that sometimes imperfections in a biological system might be producing better results than one that might seem perfect in other ways. © 2016 Phys.org Journal information: Journal of the Royal Society Interface More information: Amanda L. Holt et al. Open water camouflage via ‘leaky’ light guides in the midwater squid, Journal of The Royal Society Interface (2016). DOI: 10.1098/rsif.2016.0230AbstractGaliteuthis, a midwater squid, has photophores on the ventral surfaces of its eyes. These photophores emit bioluminescence to counter-illuminate the shadows cast by the eyes in downwelling sunlight, thereby hiding the eyes from upward-looking predators. The photophores consist of laminated fibre-like cells with semi-coaxial protein-dense layers around axial cytoplasm. These cells have been suggested to function as light guides: bioluminescence is an isotropic process used to hide in an anisotropic light environment, so any emission must be reshaped to be effective. We found a wide variation in cross-sectional geometries of photophore cells; some were more efficient at light guiding than others. We used a set of optical models to place these photophores in the context of the radiance where Galiteuthis lives and discovered a possible adaptive reason for this variation. In Galiteuthis’s horizontal and vertical range, ocean radiance is also quite variable. For complete camouflage, photophores must reproduce this variation in radiance using an isotropic source. Our models show that variation in the geometry of the photophore light guides reproduces the predicted variation in ocean radiance experienced by this species. By selectively activating geometrically distinct populations of photophore cells, the animal may reproduce the angular distribution of light at all positions in its habitat.center_img Explore further Scientists given rare glimpse of 350-kilo colossal squid Ventral view of a specimen of Galiteuthis glacialis recovered from the Ross Sea of Antarctica (71°59’S, 173°24’E). Specimen has a mantle length of 321 mm. Photograph by Darren Stevens of New Zealand, International Polar Year and the Census of Antarctic Marine Life. Credit: Wikipedia/ CC BY 3.0 This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.last_img read more

  • Fussy ants found to improve chances of finding better new nesting sites

    first_img Explore further Rock ants live in cracks between rocks, which puts them at some risk due to weather or other animals destroying their nests. When this occurs, they find a new one. However, the researchers with this new effort found that there was more to the decision-making process than previously thought.To learn more about how the ants go about finding a site for a new nest, the researchers collected specimens of the ants and placed them into an artificial environment where they were kept alone and where possible nest sites were artificially created.In studying the ant behavior, the researchers learned that ants have very particular rules when choosing a nest site—it had to have a ceiling height of approximately 2mm, a gap of 1.5mm at the entrance, low light, and the interior had to be approximately 20 square centimeters in size. To gauge the suitability of nest sites, the ants were given an opportunity to choose among several options, some of which very closely suited their needs and others that did not. In so doing, the researchers found that some ants were content to live in any of the nests they came upon (demonstrated by laying down and spreading pheromones) while others were much more demanding. The ants that were more demanding, the team noted, were the same ants that behaved in ways that suggested they were not happy with a nest once chosen.In the wild, the researchers suggest, it is likely the fussy ants help the colony find a new nest because they would be more likely to visit more locations, ultimately leading to the best possible site. Still unclear, however, is the means by which different behavioral characteristics arise in different ants. The team plans to take a closer look to see if they can find the drivers for it. Desert ants found to have dual navigation systems This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. © 2017 Phys.org Journal information: Proceedings of the Royal Society Bcenter_img Acacia ants (Pseudomyrmex ferruginea). Credit: Ryan Somma/Wikipedia. (Phys.org)—A team of researchers with the University of Bristol has found that differences in behavioral traits among ants help when it comes to finding a new nest—at least with rock ants. In their paper published in Proceedings of the Royal Society B, the team describes their study of ant behavior in artificial nests, the differences in behavior they found and how they appeared to help them establish a new nest. Citation: Fussy ants found to improve chances of finding better new nesting sites (2017, February 2) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2017-02-fussy-ants-chances-sites.html More information: Thomas A. O’Shea-Wheller et al. Variability in individual assessment behaviour and its implications for collective decision-making, Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences (2017). DOI: 10.1098/rspb.2016.2237AbstractSelf-organized systems of collective behaviour have been demonstrated in a number of group-living organisms. There is, however, less research relating to how variation in individual assessments may facilitate group decision-making. Here, we investigate this using the decentralized system of collective nest choice behaviour employed by the ant Temnothorax albipennis, combining experimental results with computational modelling. In experiments, isolated workers of this species were allowed to investigate new nest sites of differing quality, and it was found that for any given nest quality, there was wide variation among individuals in the durations that they spent within each nest site. Additionally, individual workers were consistent in spending more time in nest sites of higher quality, and less time in those of lower quality. Hence, the time spent in a new nest site must have included an assessment of nest quality. As nest site visit durations (henceforth termed assessment durations) are linked to recruitment, it is possible that the variability we observed may influence the collective decision-making process of colonies. Thus, we explored this further using a computational model of nest site selection, and found that heterogeneous nest assessments conferred a number of potential benefits. Furthermore, our experiments showed that nest quality assessments were flexible, being influenced by experience of prior options. Our findings help to elucidate the potential mechanisms underlying group behaviour, and highlight the importance of heterogeneity among individuals, rather than precise calibration, in shaping collective decision-making.last_img read more

  • Longest straightline ocean path on planet Earth calculated

    first_imgLongest sailable straight line path on Earth. Credit: arXiv:1804.07389 [math.HO] A pair of researchers, one with United Technologies Research Center, the other with IBM Research, has developed an algorithm that can be used to determine the longest straight-line path over water on Earth. In their paper uploaded to the arXiv preprint server, Rohan Chabukswar and Kushal Mukherjee describe their algorithm and what it revealed. Citation: Longest straight-line ocean path on planet Earth calculated (2018, May 2) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2018-05-longest-straight-line-ocean-path-planet.html Explore further The two researchers created their algorithm in response to a post by an unknown person on Reddit (he has been identified as Patrick Anderson)—he posted what he claimed was the longest straight-line ocean trip possible on planet Earth. Along with the post was a graphic showing the proposed direct-line route, but no evidence of how it was found. Intrigued by the proposition, the two researchers wondered how they might actually calculate such a line. They knew that it would be possible to do it using a brute force approach, which would involve measuring the length of every stretch of ocean. But that, they noted, would likely require more computer power than they had. With a global map obtained from NOAA, which offered a resolution of 1.8 kilometers, they saw that a brute force approach would entail grinding through data describing over 230 billion great circles. And that would mean analyzing trillions of individual data points—clearly too much crunching for their available computer. To reduce the amount of work, they turned to mathematics—specifically, optimization algorithms called branch and bound. Such algorithms reduce the amount of searching by assigning routes to branches which themselves hold subsets of similar routes. As the algorithm runs, subsets are analyzed and branches eliminated, winnowing the amount of data requiring analysis until the branch that holds the solution is found.By coding and running their algorithm and inputting the map data, the researchers found it took just ten minutes for their laptop to provide an answer. Interestingly, the answer was the same given by Anderson, who reportedly got his information from an unknown Wiki post. The line runs between a point on a shoreline in Pakistan all the way to a Russian shoreline—a distance of approximately 32,089.7 kilometers. Journal information: arXiv A not-quite-random walk demystifies the algorithm Longest driveable straight line path on Earth. Credit: arXiv:1804.07389 [math.HO] © 2018 Phys.org More information: Longest Straight Line Paths on Water or Land on the Earth, arXiv:1804.07389 [math.HO] arxiv.org/abs/1804.07389AbstractThere has been some interest recently in determining the longest distance one can sail for on the earth without hitting land, as well as in the converse problem of determining the longest distance one could drive for on the earth without encountering a major body of water. In its basic form, this is an optimisation problem, rendered chaotic by the presence of islands and lakes, and indeed the fractal nature of the coasts. In this paper we present a methodology for calculating the two paths using the branch-and-bound algorithm. This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.last_img read more

  • Chinese MH370 relatives mark anniversary

    first_imgChinese relatives of passengers on board the missing flight MH370 gathered under a heavy police presence on Sunday to mark one year since the plane disappeared. About two thirds of those on board the Malaysia Airlines flight were Chinese, but relatives say they have faced harassment from authorities in their own country as they seek answers on the world’s biggest aviation mystery. China’s ruling Communist Party commonly clamps down in organised gatherings.last_img

  • Gastronomic delights

    first_imgShangri-La’s – Eros Hotel has on offer an enticing variety of authentic Malaysian dishes at its all-day dining restaurant Tamra. The festival that commenced on May 23 is organised in association with Tourism Malaysia and the Malaysian High Commission.  The Malaysian food festival features a wide variety of Malaysian specialties ranging from exquisite appetizers to traditional dishes. Chef Muhammad Lisarni brings the most authentic Malaysian gourmet flavours. Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’One can savour the various Malay cuisine flavours crafted by Chef Muhammad Lisarni, such as Kerabu Udang Dengen Soohoon (prawns and glass noodle salad), Serunding Ayam (spicy dried chicken floss), Sup Sayur Cendawan (plain oyster mushroom soup), Ayam Masak Lemak Cili Padi (chicken in spicy coconut and turmeric gravy), Sayur Munir Goreng (stir fried mix vegetables with coconut gravy) and Terung Goreng Bersambal (deep fried eggplant with chili paste). Also Read – Leslie doing new comedy special with NetflixDrawing inspiration from the streets of Malaysia, Tamra sets a festive tone with red lantern, dream catchers and hangings. This food festival is a voyage designed to transport the diner to the beautiful country of Malaysia. Live carts stationed in the restaurant’s cavernous halls housing authentic delicacies, are all set to capture the essence of a Malaysian marketplace.last_img read more

  • Indian citizens have become refugees in their own land CM

    first_imgKolkata: Raising concern over the exclusion of 40 lakh Bengalis in the final draft of the Assam’s National Register of Citizens (NRC) as it will be affecting Bengal and Bangladesh the most, Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee slammed the Centre of doing “vote politics” that has led those Indian citizens to become “refugees in their own land”.She left for Delhi on Monday afternoon after holding a Press conference at Nabanna in connection with Assam’s NRC issue. The Chief Minister will be meeting Union Home Minister Rajnath Singh during her stay there. Also Read – Rain batters Kolkata, cripples normal lifeBanerjee, who will be visiting Assam if necessary, is sending a team comprising MPs of her party to the state where “people are being isolated”.”Names of people of both Hindu and Muslim communities have been excluded. Eviction of Bengalis and Biharis is taking place in Assam,” Banerjee said adding that it is the outcome of the BJP’s “divide and rule” policy to isolate the citizens.Raising apprehension of “forceful eviction”, the Chief Minister said: “There is a lot to worry as the Centre has pressed an additional force of 15 companies and at the same time all connectivity including Internet services has been snapped.” In the same breath, Banerjee maintained that Bengal will be directly affected as Cooch Behar and Alipurduar districts share the border with Assam. “But we cannot behave like the Centre if any problem occurs,” she added. Also Read – Speeding Jaguar crashes into Mercedes car in Kolkata, 2 pedestrians killedHolding both the Union government and Assam government responsible for the present situation, the Chief Minister added: “This is a game plan to forcefully evict humanity and human being. My question is that why the Centre had not opposed it in Court. They were silent and it shows that they were supporting the same. But we had opposed it.””I am worried as the peace may get disturbed and it may also leave an adverse effect on the entire country. The situation would not have taken this turn if the Centre had played a true role instead of doing vote politics,” Banerjee said adding that the people, whose names have been excluded are not Rohingyas and most of them have been residents of Assam for the past five to six decades. She also raised her concern for the future of those 40 lakh people and stated: “Names of many have been excluded despite having valid documents. They have been excluded on basis of surnames.”Stating that the Centre should have taken steps for amendment of the concerned Bill for protection of the people in Assam, the Chief Minister said: “Parliament can only give protection (to the people) and it is now in session.” This comes when the MPs of her party have already raised the issue in Parliament.She also slammed the Centre for not discussing the matter with the Bengal government as Assam is its neighbouring state and maintained: “I had received a letter on March 23 in 2018 stating that 86,849 foreigners were identified. Out of them 29,663 were directed to be sent back while 41,033 went missing. Seventy-one were sent back to Bangladesh while 833 including children and women are in six correctional homes of Assam.”Meanwhile, the Trinamool Congress, CPI(M) and Congress condemned the Assam issue in the state Assembly. “BJP is against the people of Bengal and is trying to wage a war against the Bengalis,” CPI(M) MLA Sujan Chakraborty said. The Leader of Opposition Abdul Mannan demanded a proposal to hold an all-party meeting on the issue.last_img read more

  • Cal HC directs WB govt to release 10 per cent MBBS docs

    first_imgKolkata: The Calcutta High Court upholding a State Administrative Tribunal (SAT) order today directed the West Bengal government to release 10 per cent in-service MBBS doctors for post graduate courses. Dismissing an appeal by the state government challenging the SAT order, a division bench of justices Debasish Kargupta and Sampa Sarkar directed it to comply with the order within two weeks. The SAT had on June 11 directed that the state government release 10 per cent of in-service MBBS doctors in state-run hospitals, which would roughly translate to a total of over 300 MBBS degree holders getting a chance to pursue MD/MS courses, as against 196 candidates allowed by the state, counsel for the petitioner doctors said. Also Read – Rain batters Kolkata, cripples normal life During the hearing, state counsel Amitesh Banerjee had told the court that rural healthcare services in the state would be in jeopardy if 10 per cent of the available MBBS doctors were allowed to go for higher studies as 37 rural health centres had only one doctor each, while 23 others had two each. He had also said that 180 seats were available for post-graduate courses in the medical colleges of the state for 2018 and the names of 196 candidates were released as per the merit list, with a waiting list of 16 candidates. Also Read – Speeding Jaguar crashes into Mercedes car in Kolkata, 2 pedestrians killed Challenging the list, 105 in-service doctors whose names appeared in the merit list after the said 196 names had moved the SAT. Opposing the state’s plea, the doctors’ counsel submitted that there was a huge dearth of specialist doctors at the state-run facilities in West Bengal and that it was for the benefit of the patients that more doctors were allowed to study MD/MS courses. The doctors’ counsel, Pratik Dhar claimed before the bench that the state-run hospitals in West Bengal had only 117 MD/MS doctors against a requirement of 1,700 post-graduate doctors. He submitted that there were 349 community health centres in the state and as per stipulation each should have at least five specialist doctors. With the SAT ordering that 10 per cent of the available MBBS doctors working at the state-run healthcare facilities be allowed to pursue higher studies, the government had moved the appeal before the high court.last_img read more

  • Syndicate importing edible oil from Bdesh busted 1 in cop net

    first_imgKolkata: Directorate of Revenue Intelligence (DRI) has busted a syndicate importing edible oil illegally from Bangladesh and arrested Sunil Kumar Gupta, director and main operator of M/s Kanpur Edibles Pvt. Ltd on Monday from Kanpur. It is alleged that the firm used to misuse the agreement on South Asian Free Trade Area (SAFTA) to avoid paying customs duty.According to DRI, the firm officials had hatched a conspiracy to avail the benefit of exemption of duty under SAFTA rules which is illegal. DRI got a tip-off that the said firm is evading tax by illegal use of SAFTA. Also Read – Bose & Gandhi: More similar than apart, says Sugata BoseDuring investigation, the firm was found to have imported 17,365.81 tonnes of refined palmolein, worth Rs 116.04 crore from various land customs stations at Gojadanga, Mahadipur and Petrapol in West Bengal. DRI has also seized seven live consignments containing 771.935 metric tonnes of imported refined palmolien, worth Rs 4.55 crore. Consignments imported in the past involving customs duty around Rs. 45.62 crore, are under investigation. If edible oils are imported from other than SAFTA countries, it attracts Basic Customs Duty (BCD) of 54% along with Social Welfare Surcharge (SWS) of 10%. If the same consignment is imported from SAFTA Countries, then the BCD and SWS are being waived, under the rules of Determination of Origin of Goods under the agreement on SAFTA. Gupta was produced before the Chief Metropolitan Magistrate, Kanpur on Tuesday with an appeal for his transit remand. After hearing, CMM, Kanpur granted transit remand for production of Gupta before the CMM, Kolkata.last_img read more

  • Kaushiks attempt to create peace in homophobic world

    first_imgGiving a poignant message about acceptance of all kinds of love in the society, the National Award winning film Nagarkirtan is all set to release on February 15. The film which is directed by Kaushik Ganguly will attempt to create a dialogue about the pertaining issue.Talking about the concept of the film, Kaushik said: “Many years have passed since Just another love story was made. Through the making of that film, I have come to know a lot of people who are beyond the conventional sexual preference for being a man or a woman. Getting to know them and be around them, for such a long time now, has opened a wide real world ahead. In this struggle of gender transformation from a man to a woman and vice versa, I have seen a quite a few acquaintances lose their lives. I doubt when they will get to live in peace in this homophobia-stricken world.” The director hopes that with his characters’ Madhu and Putis’ anguish would draw some affection from these people they are trying to live among. And, someday, all these little pains would culminate to make this a better world for them.last_img read more

  • Pets lower stress in older adults

    first_imgHaving a pet can help older adults cope with mental and physical health issues, according to a US poll which showed that owning an animal lowers stress and gives people a sense of purpose. While pets come with benefits, they can also bring concerns, and some people may even put their animals’ needs ahead of their own health, the poll found. In all, 55 per cent of adults ages 50 to 80 have a pet, according to the new findings – and more than half of those have multiple pets. Also Read – Add new books to your shelfMore than three-quarters of pet owners say their animals reduce their stress, and nearly as many say pets give them a sense of purpose. However, 18 per cent also said having a pet or pets puts a strain on their budget. Two-thirds of all pet owners, and 78 per cent of dog owners, said their pet helps them be physically active, according to the findings from University of Michigan in the US. For those who reported that their health was fair or poor, pet ownership appeared to offer even more benefits. More than 70 per cent of these older adults said their pet helps them cope with physical or emotional symptoms, and 46 per cent said their pets help take their mind off of pain. Also Read – Over 2 hours screen time daily will make your kids impulsive”We have long known that pets are a common and naturally occurring source of support,” said Cathleen Connell, a professor at University of Michigan. “Although the benefits of pets are significant, social connections and activities with friends and family are also key to quality of life across the lifespan,” Connell said. “Helping older adults find low cost ways to support pet ownership while not sacrificing other important relationships and priorities is an investment in overall mental and physical health,” she said. The poll results indicates a need for physicians and other health care providers to ask older adults about the role of pets in their lives. More than half of those who owned pets said they did so specifically to have a companion – and a slightly higher percentage said their pets sleep in bed with them. Sixty-five per cent of pet owners said having a pet helps connect them to other people, too. “Relationships with pets tend to be less complicated than those with humans, and pets are often a source of great enjoyment,” said Mary Janevic, an assistant research scientist at the University of Michigan. “They also provide older adults with a sense of being needed and loved,” Janevic said. One in six said that they put their pet’s needs ahead of their own health needs – a figure that was closer to one in four among those with health issues. “Later life is often a time when people have more freedom to travel, and a long list of things they want to do with their free time, and sometimes having a pet can get in the way,” said Janevic.last_img read more

  • The Deadliest Female Sniper in History

    first_imgThe Soviet Union was a lot of things: oppressive, somber, creatively stultifying, and at times – terrifying. However, history has overlooked some of the more “liberal” aspects of its existence. The opportunity for women to rise to positions of responsibility were a remarkable aspect of the USSR. There were more female doctors, engineers, factory foreman, and scientists than in the West, at least until the 1970s, if not later.The Soviet Union also allowed women to fight in the front lines decades before nations in the West considered it. One of those women was among the most successful snipers of WWII: Lyudmila Pavlichenko.Lyudmila Pavlichenko, before she was awarded the title Hero of the Soviet Union in 1943.WWII on the Eastern Front was a much different experience from that in the West. Firstly, Hitler was determined to either kill or reduce to slavery all of the Slavic peoples of Eastern Europe and the Soviet Union.As a result of this, an estimated 20 million Soviet citizens lost their lives – most of these were not soldiers. Thousands upon thousands of villages were razed and cities destroyed. It is believed that every family in the Soviet Union lost someone in the war – known in Russia today, as then, as the “Great Patriotic War”.Wehrmacht soldiers pulling a car from the mud during the rasputitsa period, November 1941. Photo by Bundesarchiv, Bild 146-1981-149-34A / CC-BY-SA 3.0Therefore it should come as no surprise that women played an integral part in the war effort. Of course, women played an important role in the war industries of the Western Allies, helping to supply not only the material needed by their own nations but by the Soviet Union and other allies, such as China. However, women in the West, barring a few examples sent behind the lines as resistance agents, did not take part in combat. The Red Army included an estimated 350,000 to 400,000 women who fought in the front lines or above it for the Red Air Force. Another untold number of women fought with the partisans behind enemy lines.Lyudmila Pavlichenko was one of them, and she became a national hero. During the war, she killed 309 German or Axis (Italian, Hungarian, Romanian) soldiers. Today she is not as well-known as the famous sniper of Stalingrad, Vasili Zaitsev, but her kill total was significantly higher when the war ended.Lyudmila Pavlichenko, Hero of the Soviet Union.Living in the Ukrainian capital of Kiev in her early teens, she took up an unusual hobby – shooting. A local boy wouldn’t shut up about his prowess at target shooting, and Lyudmila decided that she would show him up.She joined a local shooting club and “…set out to show that a girl could do as well (as him), so I practiced a lot.” Away from practice, she worked in an arms factory. She also married and had a son in her teens, though the marriage did not last long.Washington, D.C. International youth assembly. Russian delegates. Lyudmila Pavlichenko, Soviet woman sniper is on the right.In 1937, war seemed imminent. Lyudmila was a history student at Kiev University and enrolled in a paramilitary sharpshooting school. In 1941 when the war began, she felt as if her skills would be an asset to the Red Army, but she was turned down – at that time, the Soviets put all women in support ranks.Soon, as the war turned against them, and the nation was in danger of literal extinction, they would begin to accept women in combat roles. She was ordered to join as a nurse but pleaded to the recruiting officer to be allowed to join as a sniper, and he relented.Pavlichenko (center) with Justice Robert Jackson (left) and first lady Eleanor Roosevelt in Washington, D.C.Lyudmila went to the front almost immediately. She said she was trained – good, that meant the front. Men with a day or two of training were sent to the front due to the dire situation, so Lyudmila was ahead of the game.When she got to the front lines, she was told to dig trenches – there were not enough rifles to go around. The most famous film on Soviet snipers, Enemy at the Gates has a number of falsehoods in it – the foremost being the depiction of the famous “sniper’s duel” between Vasili Zaitsev and a German officer. One thing that wasn’t fictional was the fact that in many cases early in the war, rifles and other weapons were sometimes in short supply. Recruits were literally told to pick up a rifle from a fallen comrade.Female sniper Lyudmila Pavlochenko with her rifle in a trench.Lyudmila was digging trenches and carrying one grenade to fight the “fascists” as the Nazis were so often referred to, when a wounded comrade gave her his rifle. In combat two weeks later, she claimed her first kills – two Romanian soldiers shot from a quarter of a mile away. After this, the men in her unit accepted her completely as one of them.Pavlichenko fought on the southern part of the Eastern Front, retreating back through Ukraine via Moldavia and Odessa to the port city of Sebastopol on the Crimean Peninsula, where a terrible battle/siege took place between October 1941 and July 1942. At the Maxim Gorki fort outside the city, 1,000 defenders held off German attacks for weeks. Only 50 survived to be taken prisoner – a further 25 refused, blowing themselves up rather than die in German captivity.Lyudmila Pavlichenko’s J.P. Sauer And Sohn Model 1913 pistol, WW2 museum in Kyiv. Photo by VoidWanderer CC BY-SA 4.0Sebastopol is where Lyudmila Pavlichenko came into her own. She had killed nearly 200 of the enemy during the battles near Odessa and claimed the rest of her kills in the Crimea. By May 1942, she had been made lieutenant. Among her total were 36 enemy snipers – Lyudmila Pavlichenko was a hunter in the most intense way possible.In June 1942 she was wounded and expected to return to the front lines after being treated by the medics. However, the Soviet authorities believed she would be more valuable as both a recruiting tool and an emissary overseas, to encourage more support from the U.S. and the U.K.In the fall of 1942, she went to the U.S. on a publicity tour. While there, she stayed at the White House and became good friends with First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt. While Mrs. Roosevelt was not as blunt as Lyudmila, she too was outspoken, and the two became life-long friends – Roosevelt even visited her in the U.S.S.R. after the war.First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt and Shirley Temple, 1938.Lieutenant Pavlichenko made quite a splash in the United States. She was absolutely dumb-struck by reporters seeming lack of knowledge about what was really going on in the Soviet Union. “One reporter even criticized the length of the skirt of my uniform, saying that in America women wear shorter skirts and besides my uniform made me look fat.”They asked her whether Red Army women could wear makeup. She replied, “There is no rule against it, but who has time to think about her shiny nose when a battle is going on?” In Chicago, she had enough with male reporters.To the delight of the crowd, she finally told them “’Gentlemen,’ she said, ‘I am 25 years old and I have killed 309 fascist invaders by now. Don’t you think, gentlemen, that you have been hiding behind my back for too long?’”Read another story from us: The Woman who got the World’s Most Reclusive Tribe to Put their Arrows DownLyudmila ended the war as a sniper training officer, having attained the rank of major, and having been made a “Hero of the Soviet Union”, among other high honors. After the war she completed her Masters Degree and embarked on a career as a historian. She died in 1974, spending the rest of her life in peace.last_img read more

  • Artist Turns Historic GlassPlate Photos into Lively and Surreal Works of Art

    first_imgAustralian artist Jane Long has taken old glass-plate photos and given them a 21st century makeover. Lovers of vintage photography may be interested in a collection which breathes new and unexpected life into precious pictorial memories. When revisiting these historic glass-plate photos, Long went beyond mere restoration. Photoshop has been employed to add details like birds, or lush flora and fauna. The results — exhibited at the Ballarat International Foto Biennale in 2015 — are surreal, surprising, and truly magical.From a proud bride becoming an ethereal forest being, to children posing in front of a fairy tale mirror, the photographic maestro has charged these early 20th century glass-plate photos with a bold, imaginative power. As well as adding color to the black and white originals, Long sought to flesh out their static contents.Photo Courtesy of Jane LongPhoto Courtesy of Jane LongPhoto Courtesy of Jane LongPhoto Courtesy of Jane LongQuoted in Mail Online from 2014, she said “I was free to create anything I wanted, making them beautiful and happy. Many of the images are post war so it was still a dark time for them.” In finding a positive visual narrative for the photos, she hoped to pay tribute to them in her own unique way.She was also keen to blend the two sides as naturally as possible “I like ambiguity,” she explained, “so it made sense for it to look real and then to create a fantasy scene around them. What people think is real is not, and what they think is not real actually is.”‘Innocence’ depicts a young girl, who is transplanted from a monochrome studio to a coastal scene, complete with death-defying goldfish. Many of the images feature children, with ‘All hands on deck’ being a particular case in point. The original shows two boys in sailors’ get up, one mysteriously missing his lower half.Photo Courtesy of Jane LongPhoto Courtesy of Jane LongRelated Video:Photo Courtesy of Jane LongPhoto Courtesy of Jane LongPhoto Courtesy of Jane LongThe artist turns this curious sight upside down by inserting a bathtub around the pair, giving the lad the idea of legs at least. A giant pelican keeps them company in one of the more amusing pieces.Long focused on one esteemed photographer, Costică Acsinte, who plied his trade around the time of the first couple decades of the 20th century. The Dancing with Costică collection is named in his honor. She worked with 5,000 pictures that had been recently digitized into an archive devoted to his work.Acsinte (born in 1897) was a Romanian, who together with his lens was plunged into the conflict as a volunteer photographer. Alongside his own efforts, he developed film for pilots from the Romanian, French and Russian air forces. He would be the first outside their number to view the findings of vital reconnaissance missions.Photo Courtesy of Jane LongPhoto Courtesy of Jane LongPhoto Courtesy of Jane LongPhoto Courtesy of Jane LongOn leaving the field, he opened a studio in the capital Slobozia. Over the decades he compiled an impressive private photo album containing 327 images, accompanied by descriptions, drawings and newspaper clippings.Notable figures found in the album include Ferdinand I of Romania, Queen Marie of Romania, and General Eremia Grigorescu. Acsinte officially retired in 1960, though kept on taking pictures of local villages. He passed away in 1984. Acsinte was a master of his craft, as is Long. However she first got involved with his archive whilst looking to brush up on her retouching skills. In honing her talent, she discovered a whole new exhibition for herself.Photo Courtesy of Jane LongPhoto Courtesy of Jane LongPhoto Courtesy of Jane LongVisit Jane Long’s Website and Facebook page to see more of her work.Photo Courtesy of Jane LongPhoto Courtesy of Jane LongIn 2015 the website Mashable UK highlighted the nature of the project and Long’s belief it was a joint effort, rather than a single endeavor. “Although she says that she will probably never know the true life stories of her subjects, they became characters of her own invention,” it writes. “Though she will never be able to meet Acsinte, she helped expose his work to a new generation of admirers with a whimsical interpretation of the past.”Read another story from us: Photographer Tracks Down People He Captured 30 Years AgoWhile Acsinte’s reaction will never be known, it’s hoped this extension of his photography will help his legacy live on into the next century.last_img read more

  • Whitlock Dont dance on LeBron James grave before hes dead

    first_imgToday, on the maiden voyage of “Speak for Yourself”, Jason and Colin embarked down a long, winding road of disagreement. Some of the topics the guys ran through today included:The Draymond Green suspension and the LeBron confrontation.NBA Finals – Game 5 predictions.LeBron’s legacy if he loses.Aaron Rodgers immunity from criticism.Here’s a rundown of where they stood:Should the Warriors show LeBron more respect? Advertisement Jason: “You don’t dance on LeBron James’ grave before he’s dead. ” Why shake a stick at LeBron? The arrogance is over the top.Colin: The Warriors are cocky, and that’s  what we love about them. They’re cocky. They agitate. Embrace the arrogance.NBA Finals – Game 5 PredictionsJason:  The suburban kids, Golden State, are taking  the city kids, the Cavs, to school. G-State wins.Colin: “This avalanche is already down the hill.” Series is over tonight. 172-35 in 2 seasons. The most skilled offensive team ever. Appreciate history.Did LeBron cross a line by stepping over Draymond Green?Colin: LeBron had a sense of the moment and got under the skin of the emotional Draymond Green. It’s not over the line. Don’t get 5 flagrant fouls before that.Jason: LeBron baited Draymond, and Draymond engaged. Predictable. Tip of the hat to LeBron.What does a loss in the Finals tonight do to LeBron’s legacy?Jason: Potentially the most damaging thing that will ever happen to LeBron’s legacy. His Game 4 performance was lackluster, to be kind. LeBron needs to show up after being called out by two generations of Thompsons and pine rider Mo Speights. After this year’s Finals performance, you can’t put him in the same conversation as Larry and Magic.Colin:  “You can never go home again.” LeBron came back to the team of his choosing, he just picked the wrong one to beat the Warriors. He left Miami so he didn’t have to hear “no” from Pat RIley. He has to have second thoughts about the move.Does Aaron Rodgers get unfairly criticized?Colin:  Elite roster, elite GM, stable franchise, great offensive coach, weak division.  Only one ring. He doesn’t have any recent deep playoff runs. Great quarterback, but It’s okay to point out that he under-performed last season, and his roster isn’t as bad as it’s been advertised.Jason: Rodgers fans say he catches heat for things when Tom Brady gets a pass. He’s Tom Brady, you’re not. Shut up.Do not shake this man’s hand! German men’s coach Joachim Löw got caught dipping into his lederhosen and sniffing his schnitzel sweat. Whitlock didn’t see what the uproar was all about.last_img read more

  • All the pressure is on Kirk Cousins to beat the Packers

    first_imgAll the pressure is on Kirk Cousins to beat the PackersThe Vikings head into Green Bay this weekend in a game that Colin thinks the Vikings should win. Not only does Minnesota have a far better roster than the Packers, but Aaron Rodgers will clearly be at less than 100%.Colin thinks that all the pressure is on Kirk Cousins to win the game and justify his massive contract. There’s really no excuse for Minnesota not to win. Also:– Colin’s NFL Week 2 Blazin’ 5– Colin’s Top 20 NFL QB’s– Colin’s CFB Picks Guests:T. J. Houshmandzadeh – Former Bengals Pro Bowl Wide Receiver; Eric Dickerson – FS1 NFL Analyst and NFL Hall of Famer; Petros Papadakis – FS1 College Football Analystlast_img read more

  • 10 Tech Tools Every Startup Needs

    first_img Free Workshop | August 28: Get Better Engagement and Build Trust With Customers Now This hands-on workshop will give you the tools to authentically connect with an increasingly skeptical online audience. 10 min read This story appears in the September 2010 issue of . Subscribe » October 6, 2010 Enroll Now for Free Ok, you’re finally stepping out on your own. And if you’re like most adventuresome-though-anxious entrepreneurs, you’re starting small and spending sparingly. But no matter how modest your company or your capital, you still need some essential tech tools, especially if you hope to compete in this age of wireless networks, mobile devices and next-gen displays. And while these wonder products have the potential to help you make money, they also can eat up valuable time and energy as you shop for them, install them–and learn how to use them. Oh, yes, then there are the prices. Ouch! Yet there’s never been a better time to buy all sorts of entry-level gadgets and services on a budget. Keeping value, quality, time and style in mind, we present here our Top 10 picks guaranteed to make every budding captain of industry look like a top pro from Day One. Be warned, though: None of them will slay the startup dragons you’ll face in the coming days. But this starter kit of artillery will significantly boost your odds of making it out alive.1. Aspire TimelineX 14-inch 4820T notebook computer(starting at $750)It all begins with a good computer, and we have been mighty impressed with Acer’s new TimelineX series–specifically the 4820T–as the startup computing weapon of choice. Done in a handsome, small-business-ready, black-brushed aluminum, this beauty is less than 1-inch thick and weighs in at a lumbar-friendly 5 pounds–power cords and accessories included. Beyond its good looks, the TimelineX offers real productivity oomph. The Intel Core i3 processor, 4GB of memory and 320GB hard drive mean that, assuming you don’t go overboard with full-motion video, the TimelineX can handle even power-hungry, graphics-intensive apps in desktop mode. You will miss the high-power performance of being fully plugged in, but this unit sports somewhere close to an eight-hour battery life in full power-saving configuration. Nifty.2. Samsung BX2050 20-Inch 50 series LED backlit monitor($299)Your next critical investment is a solid outboard monitor that helps de-stress your neck, back and eyes as you work. Samsung is our choice for monitor of the moment. It’s one of the few screen vendors that makes its own displays. And the value comes through in its luxe 50 series monitors. Though you can go up to 24 inches, the 20-inch model offers a startup the best value for the money. At a scant 19mm thick, the 50 series has a reasonably good-looking 1000-to-1 contrast ratio, very fast 2 MS response time and some nice touches, like two HDMI inputs. You will not mistake this unit for a first-quality HDTV, but at $299 you’ll be more than satisfied. For basic business use, this baby looks great both turned on and off.3. Belkin MAX Play Wireless Router with Apps($99)Now that you’ve got your perfect computer set up, you’ll need the best way for it to connect across your growing office. Rather than waste time and money installing Ethernet cables, save a small fortune and a big construction mess and run this dual-band wireless media router from Belkin. Though aimed squarely at the HighDef TV and gaming set, the Belkin Play is a serious small-business tool: It offers state-of-the-art MIMO coverage for unparalleled connectivity in radio-wave-polluted, crowded buildings and homes. (That microwave oven in your kitchen truly is the wireless networking Antichrist.) Belkin’s full-band video speeds are good enough to move even meaty media and engineering files. Also, the Play self-installs a decent bunch of apps that allow for some slick router tricks. Our favorite? The Print Genie, which lets you print directly from anywhere in covered zones, opens the door to all sorts of computer-free imaging. Admittedly, we are a bit skeptical about Belkin’s claim that its wireless networking is self-healing; you will spend some time fixing it–and installing the software. But for $99, you get a blazing fast wireless network. And that’s an infrastructure you can love. 4. Western Digital WD TV Live HD Media Player($150)You may have noticed a trend here: All the fancy-schmancy media devices aimed at consumers moving media files make for some serious small-business tools. Take the Western Digital WD TV Live HD Media Player. It nominally pumps out Full-HD, 1080p-resolution video, but it is also a network media device fully compatible with Windows 7. It works with your PC’s and your TV’s USB drives–heck, it even has an HDMI output. Done right, any file is available on any computer or display in your home or office. Impressive. The touchy-feely consumer vibe will take some getting used to, and Western Digital dings you for an extra outboard Wi-Fi card if you want to go wireless. But once you get the hang of the WD TV Live, basically any piece of content anywhere within range is accessible. And that is oh, so handy.5. KODAK ESP Office 6150($230)Remember Eastman Kodak and its little yellow film box? Well, the Rochester, N.Y.-based company has reinvented itself as an imaging giant and taken aim at the small-business market. Rolled out earlier this year, the company’s new All-in-One ESP Office 6150 Printer brings together all the usual printing, scanning, faxing and copying functions, but tries to do it at far lower cost than its rivals. Kodak’s secret? Cheap ink. The company claims its cartridge saves something on the order of $100 per year. Your results will vary by how many photos you print, what your black-and-white usage is and how many weird variables you have, like faxes. But you get the idea. And not surprisingly, Kodak also made a nice little printer here: Wi-Fi and Ethernet are built in, with direct printing support for BlackBerrys, iPods and iPhones. We liked the high-capacity tray that holds up to 200 pages. Documents print at 32 black-and-white or 30 color pages per minute, and the machine can copy 27 pages per minute in black and white. This unit will not replace a legit laser printer with true penny-per-page cost to own. But for a reasonable outlay, you get a good-looking, high-quality model that can save you money over a similar ink jet. Who couldn’t use that?6. Microsoft Windows Live Desktop(free)Whoa! Are we really using the words “Microsoft Windows” and “free” in the same sentence? Yes, friends, we are. And it’s true. Though it gets absolutely zero media love, Microsoft quietly gives away entry-level versions of its software online. Called Windows Live Desktop, the newly launched service offers decent versions of Microsoft Word, Outlook and PowerPoint, as well as updated versions of Hotmail, MovieMaker and other media tools online, gratis. Now, you will miss the full features of Office 2010, and don’t expect the bells and whistles of, say, Google Apps. But if you’re looking to sign up for the Web revolution in a no-muss, no-fuss fashion, than set up a Microsoft Live ID and get started. It’s a great value in small-business software.7. Apple iPhone 4 16G with plan($199)Yes, there’s a place for Apple in the startup world, but you have to be smart to find it. Why? Apple gear is just not cheap. For the price of the laptop you lust after–that is, the $1,800 MacBook Pro–we’ve been able to buy a 14-inch laptop, a 20-inch monitor, a router, some network attached storage, a printer, some office software and still have money left over for a mobile phone–and maybe a latte. Anyway, that phone is where you go Apple–specifically, the iPhone 4. This latest model sets the new bar for touch-based smartphones for the small shop. Its ridiculously high-quality screen, HD image output and, most important, multitasking, make this one serious work tool–particularly when complemented by the right apps. The only knock on this device is the beehive of debate over network quality and voice service. Consumer Reports went so far as to ding the phone for dropped calls. So give it a solid demo during the 15-day return period. And if AT&T is not up to the networking task, return the unit. Keep in mind that millions do use the iPhone successfully. Assuming call quality is there and you don’t need a keyboard a la the Blackberry, the iPhone 4 is still a good bet.8. Samsung SP-H03 Pico Projector($230)Psst. We’ll let you in on a little entrepreneurial secret: To make money you have to sell something. And whatever you can do to get a presentational sales edge is worth every penny, right? Well, Samsung now is doing a heck of a job with a palm-sized, 6-ounce pico projector–that’s geek-speak for a really small device that can project an image on any wall. The HO3 comes with its own 1 GB of internal memory, an up-to-16-GB microSD slot and a Windows-friendly operating system. Which means it can hold a simply huge PowerPoint presentation and render it in bright, high-resolution images with no computer. So, you really can do your elevator pitch, complete with visuals, in an elevator. The company claims an 80-inch maximum display size, which is technically true in a completely dark room–as though anybody sells inside a closet. And the minimal, two-hour battery life can be a pain. But you can expect to project a reasonable 20-ish-inch image, which is more than enough, in a bright room and stand next to the clients instead of standing in front of them with your laptop–which, trust us, is a major improvement. Plus, the HO-3 is a great way to make friends on a flight with no movie; seat backs make excellent screens.9. Duracell Powerhouse USB Charger($50)If there is an Achilles heel in your marvelous new office on the go, it’s the power it takes to run all that stuff. Vendors love to make hay about their excellent battery life; but forget to charge something overnight–and who doesn’t?–and you are plain out of luck. That’s why we recommend Duracell’s line of backup USB chargers. The biggest and baddest, the Powerhouse Charger, can charge two devices at once and offers something on the order of 60 extra hours of usage. Just plug it into any USB-enabled device–like your laptop–charge it up, keep it in your bag as a backup and know you can always get connected. Which probably makes this item the handiest device you can carry.10. Cue Acoustic Radio r1: Hospitality Edition($400)Now that the serious stuff is out of the way, it’s time for some fun: injecting the right musical vibe into that business atmosphere of yours. And when it comes to quality desktop radios with a professional edge, we like Somerville, Mass.-based Cue Acoustics. Its Cue Radio Model r1 not only offers high-quality audio with impressive low-end sound quality, the system also has a great touch-based control system — and if you order the Hospitality version, the company will encode your company logo into the r1’s electronic display. Surprisingly slick looking, particularly for the retail shop, the unit is aimed mostly at iPod/iPhone users, but most standard audio inputs are supported, too. There’s a reason the Army brings along a band. Good music keeps you, and your people, moving. During a long day or night, when things go south, those background tunes can really make a difference. “We Are the Champions,” anyone?last_img read more

  • Watch These Sumo Wrestling Robots Battle It Out

    first_imgJune 21, 2017 We’ve seen robots chefs, robot police officers and even robot priests. The latest addition to this freaky lineup are robot sumo wrestlers.Robots are taking to the ring to compete in the traditional Japanese sport. Yet, unlike most robots we see today, these bots aren’t created to mimic human actions. Instead, they are wired to make their own quick decisions and work at insane speeds. Once they’re placed in the ring, there’s no telling what could happen. Each bot seemingly has a mind of its own, with pre-programmed behaviors to guide it.Related: These 5 Companies Have Added Robots to Their WorkforceLike actual sumo wrestling, in order to compete there are restrictions on size and weight. Check out the video to see these robots spin, bump, scoop and hit their opponents as they try to clear the ring and take home the win. Growing a business sometimes requires thinking outside the box. 1 min readcenter_img Free Webinar | Sept. 9: The Entrepreneur’s Playbook for Going Global Register Now »last_img read more

  • New Study Anesthesia Devices Market is Growing Faster with a CAGR

    first_img“Rise in prevalence of respiratory diseases, increase in number of surgical procedures, surge in pollution level, and increase in tobacco consumption drive the growth in the global anesthesia and respiratory devices market.”Allied Market Research recently published a report, titled, “Anesthesia and Respiratory Devices Market by Product [Anesthesia (Anesthesia Delivery Machines, Anesthesia Disposables & Accessories, Anesthesia Monitors, and Anesthesia Information Management Systems) and Respiratory Devices (Therapeutic Devices, Monitoring Devices, Diagnostic Devices, and Consumables & Accessories)] and End User (Hospitals, Ambulatory Service Centers, Homecare, and Clinics) – Global Opportunity Analysis and Industry Forecast, 2017–2023.” The report provides a detailed analysis of drivers & opportunities, top investment pockets, market size & estimations, and competitive scenario. According to the report, the global anesthesia and respiratory devices market is expected to garner $38.29 billion by 2023, from $25.21 billion in 2017, growing at a CAGR of 7.2% from 2017 to 2023.Download Sample Copy of this Report @ https://www.alliedmarketresearch.com/request-sample/1897Rise in prevalence of respiratory diseases, increase in number of surgical procedures, surge in pollution level, and increase in tobacco consumption drive the growth in the market. In addition, rapid urbanization and supportive government policies supplement the market growth. However, risks related to therapeutic and diagnostic devices for neonates and low adoption rate of new technologies restrain the growth of the market. On the other hand, increase in demand for therapeutic devices for homecare settings and surge in healthcare expenditures create new opportunities in the industry.Respiratory devices to be a lucrative segmentRespiratory devices contributed to nearly three-fifths of the total market share in 2017 and is expected to dominate in terms of revenue by 2023. Moreover, this segment is expected to grow at the fastest CAGR of 7.3% from 2017 to 2023. It is a lucrative segment owing to significant rise in pollution worldwide and lack of awareness regarding utilization of masks for protection against the aerosols and other particulate matter, and rise in prevalence of respiratory diseases such as asthma, respiratory infections, and tuberculosis. The research also explores anesthesia devices.Send Enquiry on this report @ https://www.alliedmarketresearch.com/purchase-enquiry/1897North America to maintain its dominant share in terms of revenue throughout the forecast periodNorth America accounted for nearly two-fifths of the total market share in 2017 and will maintain its dominant share throughout the forecast period. This is due to technological advancements in medications & surgical equipment and rise in adoption of modern anesthetics in this region. However, Asia-Pacific would register the highest CAGR of 8.1% from 2017 to 2023, owing to surge in incidence of respiratory disorders such as COPD, asthma, and lung cancer along with increase in geriatric population and increasing inclination toward homecare monitoring. The report also discusses Europe and Latin America, Middle East, and Africa (LAMEA).Leading market playersLeading market players analyzed in the report include Teleflex Incorporated, Smiths Group Plc., SunMed, Medtronic Plc., ResMed Inc., Koninklijke Philips N.V., Masimo Corporation, Hamilton Medical AG, Invacare Corporation, GE Healthcare, Drägerwerk AG & Co. KGaA, Fisher & Paykel Healthcare Limited, and others.For More Info on this Report, Visit @ https://www.prnewswire.com/news-releases/anesthesia-and-respiratory-devices-market-to-reach-38-29-bn-globally-by-2023-at-7-2-cagr-allied-market-research-300795725.htmlAbout usAllied Market Research, a market research and advisory company of Allied Analytics LLP, provides business insights and market research reports to large as well as small & medium enterprises. The company assists its clients to strategize business policies and achieve sustainable growth in their respective market domain.Allied Market Research provides one stop solution from the beginning of data collection to investment advice. The analysts at Allied Market Research dig out factors that help clients to understand the significance and impact of market dynamics. The company amplies client’s insight on the factors, such as strategies, future estimations, growth or fall forecasting, opportunity analysis, and consumer surveys among others. As follows, the company offers consistent business intelligent support to aid the clients to turn into prominent business firm. Anesthesia Devices Marketlast_img read more

  • Skype file transfers limited to 100 MB

    first_imgSkype file transfers limited to 100 MB by Martin Brinkmann on May 22, 2016 in Companies, Microsoft – Last Update: January 04, 2018 – 9 commentsWhile Microsoft’s Skype software is certainly not the best way to send files to contacts, it is without doubt convenient to do so if you are using the software anyway.All you need to do is select a contact and the send file icon, pick a file from the local system to transfer it to the contact.Sharing files seems limited to the Skype desktop program at the moment, the Skype app for Windows supports the sending of images only it seems at this point in time.Microsoft announced several changes coming to sharing files in Skype for the desktop recently. These were not published on the official Skype blog but only on a support page though which makes it likely that many users missed them.First the good news: when you share files using Skype, it will automatically sync across all devices that you are using.This means that downloads are available on mobile devices as well automatically. Microsoft also notes that transfers will resume automatically if the connection is lost for whatever reason so that files need to be downloaded only once.Bad news is, that Microsoft is limited the size of files that you can share using Skype to 100 Megabyte per fileIf you try to send a file that is larger than 100 MB you will get the error message not sent – file is larger than 100.0 MB.The “learn more” link leads to the support page linked above that details that you cannot share files larger than 100 Megabyte using Skype.Also, files have a 30-day time limit after which they expire and cannot be downloaded anymore. Files that you have shared that exceed 30-days will show up as file unavailable instead.Microsoft’s proposed solutions for sharing files larger than 100 Megabyte? OneDrive of course.This is obviously not as comfortable as sending files directly using Skype, and it is unclear why Microsoft did not integrate the OneDrive option directly into Skype to make this comfortable for users.Basically, what users need to do know is open OneDrive next to Skype when they want to share files larger than 100 Megabyte, upload the file to their OneDrive account, right-click on it, select share, get the share link, and paste it into Skype chat.Not nearly as comfortable as sending files directly. Also, some users are experiencing slow uploads to OneDrive making the solution less than ideal for sending large files to contacts who are online at that time.SummaryArticle NameSkype file transfers limited to 100 MBDescriptionSkype file transfers have been limited to 100 Megabyte per file and users will receive the error message not sent – file is larger than 100.0 MB.Author Martin BrinkmannPublisher Ghacks Technology NewsLogo Advertisementlast_img read more

  • How to disable OK Google and Google Assistant on Android devices

    first_img Logo Advertisement Many Android devices come with Google applications and services, even if the device is not a device created by Google itself but by another company. Google Assistant is available as a standalone application as well which Android users may install to integrate it on their device.Two of the features that you may find on your Android device are OK Google and Google Assistant. OK Google is a tool that is activated by voice to run searches or certain actions. Google Assistant ties into that but can also be controlled via text.If OK Google or Google Assistant are active on your Android device but you are not using these tools, you may want to consider disabling those.You may remember that I bought a Google Pixel 3A device when it first came out to replace my trusted by aging Nokia 5.1 device. The Google device is chock-full when it comes to Google services and tools; OK Google and Google Assistant are a part of the device but I never use these services.I don’t have any use cases for these, don’t want to talk to my phone, and don’t like the privacy implications either.One of the first things that I did was to go through the smartphone to disable any service or tool that I don’t use. OK Google and Google Assistant were two of the features that I disabled. Here is how I did it.Note: The way to disable Google Assistant and OK Google may be different depending on the Android version of the device. If you notice that you have to follow different steps to disable the features, let me know in the comments. If you figured it out, please share your experience in the comments so that others may benefit from it as well.Disable OK GoogleHere is how you disable OK Google on your device:Open the Google application on the Android device.Click on the “More” link when it opens.Now navigate to Settings > Voice > Voice MatchDisable “Access with Voice Match”, “Unlock with Voice Match”, and “While Driving”.Disable Google AssistantGoogle Assistant is disabled in the Google settings on the device, not in the Google application.Open the Settings on the device.Select Google and use it to navigate to Search, Assistant & Voice > Google Assistant.In the Google Assistant settings, switch to the Assistant tab.Scroll down until you find the list of Assistant devices.Select your device.Turn off “Google Assistant” on the screen that opens.Closing WordsDisabling does not mean that these two services are removed entirely from the device. You still get the voice icon in the search field but a tap on the icon displays a “turn on” prompt indicating that Google Assistant is turned off.Now You: do you use voice search or assistants on your devices?SummaryArticle NameHow to disable OK Google and Google Assistant on Android devicesDescriptionFind out how to disable the two Google services OK Google and Google Assistant on your Android devices.Author Martin Brinkmann by Martin Brinkmann on August 12, 2019 in Google Android – 11 commentscenter_img How to disable OK Google and Google Assistant on Android devices Publisher Ghacks Technology Newslast_img read more